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A stroke is a medical emergency where blood flow to the brain is either reduced or stopped, depriving brain tissue of essential oxygen and nutrients. A stroke may cause loss in brain function and affect movement and speech.

Stroke care in North Texas

When you or a loved one is experiencing a stroke, it's important to act quickly.

 Our hospitals at Medical City Healthcare are equipped to provide you with lifesaving care in these critical times of need. Stroke is a medical emergency. If you think someone is having a stroke, call 911 immediately.

Related specialties

Learn more about our related specialties.

North Texas' choice for stroke care

Our nine certified Advanced Primary Stroke Center locations in North Texas are staffed by specially trained medical teams. When you need advanced stroke diagnostics and sophisticated treatment, our expert neurologists and stroke specialists are here for you.

Signs of a stroke

Remember to B.E. F.A.S.T.:

  • Balance - Is the person suddenly having trouble with balance or coordination? 
  • Eyes - Is the person experiencing suddenly blurred or double vision? Or loss of vision in one or both eyes without pain?
  • Face - When the person smiles, does one side of the face droop?
  • Arms - Does one arm drift downward when both arms are raised?
  • Speech - Is the person's speech slurred when asked to repeat a simple sentence?
  • Time - Call 911 immediately if the person shows any of these symptoms, especially if they are accompanied by a highly severe headache, dizziness, loss of balance and/or loss of vision.

Types of stroke

A stroke can occur when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain either becomes blocked or ruptures. The two types of stroke are known as:

Ischemic stroke

Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel supplying the brain becomes blocked by a blood clot or particle, such as a piece of plaque. This leads to insufficient blood flow to the brain, lack of oxygen and, ultimately, permanent death of brain cells. There are various causes of ischemic stroke, including atherosclerosis (narrowed vessels due to hardening of the artery), heart disease and blood clotting disorders.

Hemorrhagic stroke

Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and blood spills into the brain and its surrounding structures. Hypertension is the most common reason for this type of stroke. Aneurysms and other vascular malformations may also cause hemorrhagic stroke. Patients with hemorrhagic stroke are often evaluated by neurosurgeons, though most patients do not require surgery.

Stroke risk factors

You can't control all of your risk factors for stroke—such as age, gender and family history—but you can identify your manageable risk factors and take steps to control, treat and improve them. Manageable risk factors include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Family history of stroke
  • Obesity
  • Previous strokes/transient ischemic attacks
  • Atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Coronary artery disease

Metabolic syndrome and your stroke risk

A specific combination of risk factors can lead to the increased chance of having a stroke. This is known as metabolic syndrome and occurs when you have three or more of the following conditions:

  • High blood pressure (130/85 mm Hg or greater)
  • Excess weight around the waist (greater than 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women)
  • Triglyceride level at 150 mg/dl for men or below 50 mg/dl for women
  • HDL cholesterol level below 40 mg/dl for men or below 50 mg/dl for women
  • Elevated blood sugar or diabetes

The conditions above are all treatable. Therefore, it is important to talk to your healthcare provider about your specific risk.

Stroke education for children

With multigenerational homes becoming more prevalent in America today, so does the need to educate all ages about stroke signs and symptoms. Our "Be a Stroke Hero" puppet show teaches children the signs of stroke and what to do if a loved one is experiencing one.

Videos about our Stroke services

Showing 5 Videos

How to identify stroke FAST

Someone has a stroke every 40 seconds. Know how to identify the signs of stroke F.A.S.T.

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